This insect has a famous history as a bloodsucker and is named due to its tendency to feed on a bed’s occupants at night. The bed bug primarily attacks humans but can feed on any warm-blooded animal such as birds, mice, and pets.
Adults are just under a 1/4” long and are relatively flat, nearly as wide as long, and oval in shape compared to most other insects. The color is brown to reddish-brown. The body may have short golden hairs and will exude a “sickeningly sweet” smell from glands on its body. There are many types of bed bugs and related insects.
Female bedbugs can lay over 500 eggs over a lifetime and each bed bug will molt or shed its shell five times as it grows and a blood meal is required for each molt. If blood meals become scarce, bed bugs can slow their life process until a blood meal source is found. The saliva of the bed bug may cause swelling on most people when they are bitten but they do not leave a wound. Swelling may include redness in some sensitive people.
Mosquitoes are well known as annoying biting pests and vectors of disease-causing agents to humans and other animals. Numerous information sources discuss mosquito biology, mosquito-borne diseases, methods of personal protection, and approaches to mosquito control. Still, many people lack an understanding of the biology and public health importance of mosquitoes. The mosquitoes that carry the West Nile virus typically lay their eggs in stagnant water and water-holding containers. Weeds, tall grass, and shrubbery provide an outdoor harborage for adult mosquitoes. You can reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home and neighborhood by eliminating places where they lay their eggs. Mosquito-borne diseases are a major health hazard worldwide. Some, like malaria, chronically afflict certain regions. Mosquitoes can be very annoying, their bites can produce itchy welts, and the bites of some species are painful to certain individuals. "Quality of life" can be reduced in areas with high numbers of biting mosquitoes. Mosquitoes also are vectors (transmitters) of several viruses that can cause severe diseases.